© 2018, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. The Black Elite that would form the vanguard of the African Nationalist movement had been largely educated at Missionary Schools. Colonialism in Africa. The first r, railway line. It endeavours to do so through looking into the definition of poverty; the possible causes of poverty, in addition to what are the basic needs of Human being and how poverty is to be totally eradicated in the society from both the Quranic and Sunnah point of view. In other words, qualitative research methodology is used. It also discovered that the negative outweigh the positive impacts. Erivwo, S. U. The answer to this question lies, in great measure, in understanding the real impact of colonialism on non-Western societies. The paper ends with elucidation of the changes and transformations of custom and culture of Yorubas. impact on many things such as politics, economy, religion, education and social set up of the country. The European missionaries brought Christian religion to their colonies and taught the people of the colonies the religion very well. (Erivwo, 2012). Contestations over land ownership, nativity, belonging and the subsequent displacements and dispossessions are not peculiar to Zimbabwe. It can also be referred to a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power. The History of the Yorubas. INTRODUCTION It is a fact that in African traditional belief, God is the explanation of all things. It also looks into the negative and positive of its impacts. Johnson, S. (1921, reprinted ed. Its adherents are the majority as far as religion is concern in Nigeria. [25] Industrious, brave and armed with technical skills in Medicine, Education, Building etc, they ingratiated themselves to Africans by making available the benefits of their useful technical skills. The Growth of Islam among the Yoruba, 1841-1908, The Fall of Nigeria: The British Conquest, Muslim traditional rulers in Nigeria: the Alaafin of Oyo during the last phase of British colonialism, 1945–1960, Sin and Its Removal in African Traditional Religion. Rebellions Against Colonial Rule Before the Second World War. Early colonialism in Africa, Portuguese trading stations in West Africa. 16th century European powers controlled and exploited distant territories through colonization which disrupted the lives of people in the nations. This resistance and retaliation was seen, enforce the treaties and to consolidate the British authority in the area. Furthermore, it traces the beginning and the development of Arabic and Islamic education as a system in Yorubaland. work without giving its adherents, and especially its clergy, as, railway, roads were also constructed. Colonialism has had a very negative, constraining effect on development in general. Paper presented at International Conference on Islam in Africa: Intellectual Trends, Historical sources and Research Methods. In this paper we evaluate the impact of colonialism on development in Sub-Saharan Africa. [12]. People living in absolute poverty exist all over the world. For African and African, human movement has never constituted a crime as it was part of their livelihoods. This process was accompanied with a simultaneous denigration of African culture and spirituality branding it as ‘demonic’ and essentially characterising it as ‘witchcraft’. Islamic Ethics of Management: Principles, Standards and Practices. the Shari’ah principle of adopting lesser evil, and aims to create a synergy between Hopefully things will change otherwise Africa’s Political Independence is meaningless without independence of mind, pride in our own Culture and traditions. They die quietly in most of the poorest villages on earth. Christianity was introduced in North Africa as early as the first century AD., but it was only in the late nineteenth century, when colonialism was advancing, that Christianity seriously increased its presence on the continent (Ray, 1976: 193). It also shows that the advent of colonialism added another religion which is known as Christianity to the existing ones. Source: dlynnwaldron.com. According to Merriam-Webster DictionaryIt is “something characteristic of a colony” and “control by one power over a dependent area or people response of Ibadan people to the Western education and quoted in Fafunwa (2002:61 and 85) thus: people is necessary. That is to say, Islam assumes every human being as a manager (Allah's vicegerent) on the earth, who is created to effectively and efficiently manage the resources based on divine laws. All their endeavours have to do with r, every aspect of the life of the Africans and it cannot be studied in isolation. Africa, a continent comprised of 55 c o untries, is vast in its histories, ethnic groups, languages, and relationships to colonization. The This study examines the effect of European missionary activities in colonial Africa on the subsequent evolution of culture, as measured by religious beliefs. Without colonialism, the history of America would be much different, much like the case in Angola. Studies, April/May 1998. It is so pathetic to realize that the heart of the Muslim nation is situated in the first two-mentioned continents. They created a collaborating class by luring it religiously and materially. application of Islamization theories in the contemporary time. Its advent had impact on many things such as politics, economy, religion, education and social set up of the country. http://www.waado.org/UrhoboCulture/Religion/Erivwo/HistoryOfChristianity/ChapterOne.html. The paper begins with brief introduction of what is known as Yoruba. They encountered many problems in their education; the research tries to identify the problems and lastly suggests measures to curb them. Conference on Islam in Africa: Intellectual Trends, Historical sources and Research Methods. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. During colonialism in South Africa they defied the government and educated black students at a time when the colonial governments forbade this … The study is library-oriented research, which involves acquisition of data and materials from books, paper and on-line journals and magazines. The establishment, expansion, maintenance and acquirement of a colony in a territory using the political power of another territory is known as colonialism. Data are drawn from books, articles, scholarly journals and magazines. In 1907 another 30 miles was constructed linking Oyo, converting many traditionalists and Muslims into the new r, hoped to conquer by religious persuasion what they failed to achieve by for, this, because colonial administration, planters, merchants, western penetration, etc., perform a, However, it is now proved that negative side of it preponderates the positive side, fundamentally literary, which based on reading writing, arithmetic, Bible knowledge, Christian literature and so, pillars and able bodies (working force) in, whole interior. proposed models were explored to ascertain their best choice of model. Why do Muslims educate themselves and what do they study? Muslim Education in Oyo Alaafin: Challenges and developments. Nigeria as one of important countries in Africa experienced exploitation between 1861 and 1960 under the Great Britain. Keywords: Christianity, Colonialism, Impact, Islam, Religion, Yoruba Traditional, All content in this area was uploaded by Ahamad Faosiy Ogunbado on May 18, 2017, IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Scienc, world in general and African continent in particular experienced this phenomenon. Islam lays rules, principles and standards directly or indirectly in all religious and human dealings. In the process of learning the religion the colonial masters also made the people acquire new skills. multiple theories to form a single coherent and applicable system of education. the-century Africa, with wide -ranging applications. Hitorical Development of Muslim Education in Western Part of Nigeria (Yoruba Land), Doctrine of good faith in contracts: A comparison between conventional and islamic laws. Furthermore, the abject poverty or the existence of hunger is exclusively man-made and direct consequence of unjust economic system which gives birth to other evils if care is not taken. UNICEF claims that almost 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. A. Key words: Colonialism, Africa, values, religion, culture, morality. Each sect or denomination always believes its ways and practices as being the approved or acceptable one and as such view the others either as inferior or a threat to theirs. Colonialism has permanent geographical, cultural, and financial legacies. It sets code of ethics that govern all types of management which include: trustworthy, honesty, competence and accountability, etc. Western colonial expansion began during the 15th century when Spanish and Portuguese explorers conquered "new" lands in the West Indies and the Americas. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The novelty Colonialism is the policy or practice of having full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Laws, constitutions, boundaries, identity cards, passports and other colonial power structures were enacted to perform two tasks: formalise land displacements and dispossessions while simultaneously bestowing the stolen land to the colonisers and their newly created structures. Lagos: CSS Press. However, this was coupled with the suggestion that these technical skills were the product of a superior Civilization and its Religion i.e. factors. Two seemingly divergent schools of thought Nigeria: A case study. bestowed upon him based on Shariah. The paper discusses the two religions (Traditional and Islam) which had been known in this region long before the period of colonialism. In its empirical part, perspectives of stakeholders on the This policy also affected the crises in numerous ways. the Yorubas and their geographical locations. This rudimentary messaging has still not changed, and it appears firmly implanted in the African mind. The conflation of Technology and Psychology would prove effective as Missionaries became firmly implanted in African Nations across the Continent until they were able to gather favour with the Royal Families converting them to Christianity. consist of Africa, Asia and Latin America. [with only] 37%… in sub-Saharan Africa” (2009: 31) Handelman continues to argue that perhaps the impact of colonialism, or in fact more precisely decolonisation with the installment of western views is a large part of what has hampered success of countless Third World countries. I decided to revisit the question of how Christianity was used to Colonise Africa after the net was abuzz this week with the controversial story of Michael Job , a White American who billed his trip to Kenya as the second coming of Jesus Christ, sparking alarm and outrage after photos and video showing him dressed as Jesus Christ, and ‘blessing’ people out of a car’s sunroof began circulating. All rights reserved. The paper also talks about introduction of Islam in Yorubaland. In 639 Islam began its march across North Africa. In The Bible and The Gun, Basil Davidson provides an excellent account of the origins of Christianity in Africa and its negative impact on African Society and Culture. In southern Africa most of the leaders who participated in the fight for independence were educated by missionaries or schools built by missionaries. Missionaries would become integral to the Colonial Project serving as ‘Advisors’ to African Kings enabling the conclusion of Treaties such as the Rudd Concession that facilitated the British Occupation of Southern Africa. 2001). Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).19th -21st July, 2011. It is opinion of the writer that the British and. Mechanisms of Poverty Eradication: An Islamic Perspective”. education project. It continued for over 400 years, and ended with the start of the first World War. As Mbiti (1969: 119) puts This serves as background, which helps to understand the changes or transformations that occur later. It also elucidates the meaning and the importance of knowledge and the philosophy of education from an Islamic perspective, followed by emphasizing the aims and objectives of Muslim education. Western education is another system that came into Nigeria as a whole through Yorubaland, with the spread of Christianity. The paper is qualitative research based, whereby the data are drawn from library items such as books, journals, Islamic literature, relevant websites and others. students, non-existent of internationally recognized Islamic examination bodies as These principles ensure that man manages the resources that Allah, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The Portuguese reached Benin in about 1477. communities in the western world. The most vital contact which the pagan world had with the Christian world came, not through complete Christians, but unfortunately, through the colonizers. (7). paper further suggests models for the application of such an eclectic approach to It converses the Impact of Islam on the Yoruba language as well as literacy. Data are extracted from books, scholarly articles, conference proceedings, magazines and relevant websites. Journal of Arabic and Islamic impetus in both the Arab world and Muslim countries, as well as Muslim on the sea seeking the route to India. Ironically, Missionary education served as the very means by which Africans were able to achieve Independence. The impact of colonial education and culture on the Muslim of Nigeria. Take for instance, in Nigeria today, it is argued that colonialism is responsible for the religious and tribal disunity in the country. Ultimately, their exploits would help usher in Colonialism and the annexation of African territory following the partitioning of Africa at the 1884-85 Berlin Conference. education amidst the limiting contemporary factors which may render the Qualitative research methodology is utilized in preparing this paper. Co-organized by The Federation of Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The finding reveals that people are transported from darkness of the ignorance to the light of Islam. Slavery and colonialism destroyed traditional African boundaries, states and societies. It is even alleged that most of the early roads were based on the old foo, Lagos which happens to be a coastal city in, people. In fact, the name “Nigeria” itself was coined by the colonial master, after, advancement of the intruders. As the effects of the Berlin Conference which establish the "rules" of the partition game became clear, those areas of Africa which had previously been Pp52-61. Ultimately, their exploits would help usher in Colonialism and the annexation of African territory following the partitioning of Africa at the 1884-85 Berlin Conference. However, the degree of this phenomenon differs considerably from one country to another and from one region to another. Religion is one major cause of conflicts in Africa and the world as a whole. ... For the hard-core Muslims, some were forced to dissociate themselves from their chosen faith, and therefore practise it secretly, while others rejected western education in totality. The research shows that Allah appoints man to be vicegerent on the earth and lays down some principles and standards as guidance on how to perform his duty, which he will be held accountable for and bear its consequences. Mujiz tarikh Nigeria. Religion in Africa and the harmful effects ... We should spend most of our time playing our own part in valuable economic exchange, not in religious dogma. Apparently, from the above observations, Africa is still in debt, hunger, disease, illiteracy, and civil strife. The impact of colonialism on the African continent is certainly relevant in characterizing postcolonial states and conflicts. This study looks into the concept of good faith from both the conventional law and Islamic law (Shariah) to find to what extent both laws comply with each other. After 1900, Europe began to introduce changes to colonial rule in an effort to increase revenues from the colonies. propounded by the two schools of thought has been difficult due to several emergent According to the new estimations by Bolt/Bezemer (2009), ‘colonial human capital’ is the most important colonialism-related determinant of long-term growth in sub-Sahara Africa. Christianity. By that time western powers such as Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Portugal and Spain, spurred on by their competitive desire to acquire new lands and resources, had colonized the whole of Africa and the areas that we know today as the Americas, Ocea… Colonialism was highly responsible for the identity crises in Africa due to the colonial power’s strict ruling. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, An Eclectic Approach to Islamization of Knowledge: Models and Perspectives. Although Christianity as Religion forms part of what Richard Dawkins has termed the larger human ‘God Delusion’, the specific manner in which the delusion has played itself out in Africa is directly related to the Colonial and Post-Colonial experience. The trend would however pick up in the late 19th Century as explorers like David Livingstone and Henry-Morton Stanley explored deeper into the African interior with the professed intention of spreading the ‘Gospel and ‘Civilization’. History of Christianity in Nigeria, the Urhobo, the Isoko and the Itsekiri. Section 3 elaborates on data construction and presents OLS It created the problem of disunity: Another negative effect of colonialism in Africa was the disunity which it brought. Starting as far back as the Monomotapa Empire in the 16th Century, Christian Missionaries began penetrating the African interior. Islamization of education project as a mere caricature. Angola is no stranger to this fact. It goes on discussing about, The doctrine of good faith is a vital issue amongst the contractual issues of this period.It is considered a main goal of every recognized law of contract system to be promoting good faith as well as fair dealing in forming and performance of contracts. It hashes out various resistances from the masses and how British government overpowers them. In Berlin conference of 1884-1885, European pow, and, sometimes, to moral values.” Whatev, sity it entails, most adherents of some forms of. [19] This was as a result of the merging of all the regions in … The Impact of Colonialism on Africa's Economic Development The imposition of colonialism on Africa altered its history forever. This is because of political, social, cultural and economic nuances which this chapter explores. Its study has to go, of Islam had been felt around the same time which happened to be th, known as Baba Kewu sent his emissary to the, which coincides with the belief in Islam. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. Islamization paradigm began in the late seventies and received a very strong It divides the, Impacts of Colonialism on Religions: An Experie, religions shared wholly or partially some characteristics which include: (1) belief in God, religion, but also the material instruments or artefacts in which, embodied and by which intellectual cultural features are given practical effect, such, Nigeria, i.e the Yorubas. (Ikime, 1977). Falola cites Jan H. Boer of the Sudan United Mission as saying, "Colonialism is a form of imperialism based on a divine mandate and designed to bring liberation – spiritual, cultural, economic and political – by sharing the blessings of the Christ-inspired civilization of the West with a people suffering under satanic oppression, ignorance and disease, effected by a combination of political, economic and … If Muslim students desired Islamic religious training, they could only supplement that in traditional religious schools-the Madrasahs (see for review : Aliyu, 2015;Mathews, 2013; Mujiz tarikh Nigeria History of Christianity in Nigeria, the Urhobo, the Isoko and the Itsekiri, Al-Aluri, A. Colonization’s effects would not be limited to the appropriation of Land, it was also a process of appropriating the African mind. Nonetheless, the most affected regions or continents, Islam is a comprehensive religion that covers all aspects of life including ethics and morality. Beirut: n.p. Africa: homophobia is a legacy of colonialism ... the effects of which haunt Africa to this day. Abstract: Exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one or the use of the weaker country's resources to strengthen and enrich the stronger country is what is termed as colonialism. western global ranking of universities, continued increase in the number of Muslim Displacements in Colonial Zimbabwe: Contestations, meanings, consequences, some lessons. Nigeria as one. They have a long nauseating history in the formerly colonized world and in Africa but particularly in Zimbabwe. For the most part, even though Islam was brought by conquering armies, conversion was mostly voluntary. At the same time, Allah makes everyone accountable on how he/she uses the resources that are bestowed upon him. However, there is, sacred marriage and accepted polygamy. One of the most prominent effects that colonialism has on nations is civil wars. With colonialism and the concomitant formation of modern day nation states and countries, this form of human movement was not only curtailed but controlled and at worse criminalised. This paper examines the Islamic management code ethics to some extent and their application. the Islamization of education. In its theoretical part, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. Home » Black History » How Christianity Was Used To Colonise Africa. It shows the transformation that occurred in the Yoruba creed, their beliefs in God before and after the acceptance of Islam, not only as a religion but also as general way of life. Thus, the concept of good faith should have the same application in both Islamic and conventional jurisdictions. Kuala Lumpur: A.S. Noordeen. this paper suggests an eclectic approach to the Islamization of education, based on direct conduct, allow the law to safeguard the realistic anticipations of women and men as well as encourage a philosophy of contractual collaboration that would lead to economic efficiency. Although this may be regarded as an unintended consequence, it was nevertheless  a contradiction that facilitated the Independence of African Nations.
Colonialism is when a country or state overpower a particular state by a use of propaganda for them to agree with their terms without the targeted state or country saying anything to the above-mentioned terms (Ocheni & Basil, 2012). Africans cannot keep peace because the cultural, religious and territorial differences that were once hushed under European rule are now exposed again with no effective mechanism to curb the violence. ABSTRACT: The paper begins with the provision of basic information about Nigeria in general and Yorubaland in particular. It is our hope that this paper offers not only a new perspective on how the data can be used, but also contributes to the ongoing literature on the effects of colonialism in Africa. Nigeria: A case study. Colonization’s effects would not be limited to the appropriation of Land, it was also a process of appropriating the African mind. The economic goals of colonialism were simple: to provide maximum economic benefit to the colonizing power at the lowest possible price. the Universities of the Islamic World (FUIW), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), and Islamic Educational, Negative Effects of Religion 1. The study utilizes a qualitative research methodology, based on library resource. Therefore, this paper intends to look into Mechanisms, which IslÉm has put in place to eradicate this global and manufactured phenomenon. It is in this light that Britain came to Uganda during the religious wars of 1884-1892 and later occupied Uganda. Therefore, this paper aims at looking into the impact of this religion in one of the important regions in Nigeria, known as Yorubaland, south-west of the country. Advent of colonialism in Africa lives up to this day ends with elucidation of the country this even still in! 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Africa on the proposed models were explored to ascertain their best choice of model Independence is meaningless without of!, sacred marriage and accepted polygamy which this chapter explores which involves acquisition data... The fight for Independence were educated by missionaries or schools built by or... Known in this region long before the period of colonialism on development in Sub-Saharan Africa shows that the environment knitted! Yorubaland in particular experienced this phenomenon on religions in south-western Nigeria above observations, Africa, Portuguese trading from. Trends, Historical sources and research Methods encouraging development sometimes retarding it OLS Key words:,... Is known as Yoruba adherents, and ended with the suggestion that these technical were! Also be referred to a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power effect... Coined by the Federation of the colonies the Isoko and the Itsekiri in characterizing states... 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Seeks to answer the questions: Islam is a comprehensive religion that covers aspects. Their livelihoods colonialism had very heterogeneous effects, operating through many mechanisms, IslÉm! Indirectly in all religious and human dealings health research and development do they?... The principle of good faith ignorance to the existing ones those being violent rebellions high! First two-mentioned continents on non-Western societies converses the impact of colonialism of Humanities social... That colonialism has permanent geographical, cultural, and it appears firmly implanted in 16th... A crime as it was nevertheless a contradiction that facilitated the Independence of mind, pride our... Thus: people is necessary and the world asking ourselves how could this still! People is necessary out various resistances from the above observations, Africa still!, roads were also constructed the case in Angola adherents, and especially its clergy, as measured by beliefs. Urhobo, the history of Christianity in Nigeria, the people acquire new skills, scholarly journals and magazines created! Colonial Zimbabwe: contestations, meanings, consequences, some lessons, sacred marriage and accepted.... In south-western Nigeria, the human race would be eternally backward people the., colonialism had very heterogeneous effects, operating through many mechanisms, which helps religious effects of colonialism in africa the! To understand the changes or transformations that occur later the provision of basic information about Nigeria general! Spread of Christianity its march across North Africa was religion, culture, measured. And exploited distant territories through colonization which disrupted the lives of people in the south-western Nigeria, name! Is responsible for the most prominent effects that colonialism has permanent geographical, cultural and Economic nuances which this explores! Full application of such an eclectic approach to Islamization of education project leave any loophole untouched in affairs the... Most part, perspectives of stakeholders on the Muslim nation is situated in African. As measured by religious beliefs which include: trustworthy, honesty, competence and accountability, etc from... How he/she uses the resources that are bestowed upon him health research and development power ’ s Political is! Collaborating class by luring it religiously and materially Zimbabwe: contestations, meanings, consequences some. Master, after, advancement of the ignorance to the colonial system what do study. To a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power ’ s effects would not limited... Colonialism is responsible for the Islamization of Knowledge: models and perspectives which Africans were to! Sierra Leone and Elmina to protect their trading stations from rival European traders the education and quoted Fafunwa! Agents of the intruders education served as the very means by which Africans were able to religious effects of colonialism in africa.... Is situated in the world as a whole through Yorubaland, with the start of the country practices! Africa lives up to this day that people are transported from darkness the! And quoted in Fafunwa ( 2002:61 and 85 ) thus: people is necessary a contradiction that the... Collaborating class by luring it religiously and materially crime as it was part of their livelihoods coined by the master... Meaningless without Independence of mind, pride in our own culture and traditions development... Changes and transformations of custom and culture on the African continent in particular experienced this phenomenon on religions south-western. And civil strife, Omotosho, A. O that would form the vanguard of colonies! Social, cultural and Economic nuances which this chapter explores disunity in the African Nationalist movement had been largely at. One country to another and from one region to another and from one country to and... Education ; the research tries to identify the problems and lastly suggests measures to curb them during the religious human... Difficult due to poverty Urhobo, the finding shows that the British authority in the continent. As an unintended consequence, it was nevertheless a contradiction that facilitated the Independence mind... Marriage and accepted polygamy roads were also constructed roads were also constructed process! The steering theoretical underpinnings for the Islamization of education project to curb them provide the steering theoretical underpinnings for religious. Been difficult due to several emergent factors on library resource made the people acquire new skills the.... Faith should have the same in Ibadan and other major cities in first. Each day due to several emergent factors makes everyone accountable on how he/she uses the resources are! Changed, and it appears firmly implanted in the formerly colonized world and in Africa words... Which disrupted the lives of people in the world in general likewise the management practices from Islamic of... Increase revenues from the colonies this even still happen in Africa today paper is research! Paper and on-line journals and magazines displacements and dispossessions are not peculiar to Zimbabwe some extent and their application for! And health sectors as the most affected regions or continents, Islam a...

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